Methods for developing thinking in preschool children
How to develop critical thinking?
Critical thinking is the main"Filter", which allows you to come to the most logical conclusions during the solution of any problem. Therefore, in the methodology for developing thinking in preschool children, it is necessary to include this factor.
To start developing critical thinkingIt is necessary from an early age. For this it is necessary to "put things in order" in the kindergarten's knowledge in the kindergarten. Today, children need to acquire a large amount of knowledge in a large amount of knowledge and these all knowledge of the "surrounding" are chaotically confused in their minds. In order to develop this kind of thinking, it is necessary to apply tasks in a game form. The kid should come to taste to distinguish right from wrong. For example, you tell him a fairy tale, after warning the child that if he sees something wrong in it, let him say that this does not happen. The more the child's age, the more complex the situation in the fairy tale should be. With such a relaxed and cheerful form, you will teach the child to distinguish the possible from the impossible and encourage him to develop critical awareness.
Help techniques using pictures. For example, the picture depicts a non-existent animal, you must ask the baby what the artist has done here. Remember, for preschoolers it is not difficult to distinguish the immaterial from the essential.
How to develop imaginative thinking?
Visual thinking begins to formPreschoolers. At this age, the child is pleased to draw, sculpt, sculpture, construct. Constantly arising before the baby tasks that require imagining something in the mind, help to effectively develop this kind of thinking.
Going with a baby for a walk, do not forgetShow him flowers, animals, trees. Tell us about the actions of animals (jumping, running). Pay attention to the skills of distinguishing colors, shapes, sizes. Play with the baby in fairy stories.
With 3-4 years of age, apply the development methodologyImagery through pictures. Your goal is to teach the child to create images in his mind. To do this, we take and draw on paper a circle, and from it we draw a line down. After asking the kid - what is this? The child has every right to nominate their associations, even if they do not even touch the balloon that is on the picture. If you have two children, announce a contest, who will most of all name the associations. As a child grows up, try to complicate the tasks. For example, we draw a part of the picture and ask the child to finish his missing part.
Also preschoolers can be offered more complexExercise that forms geometric representations. To do this, draw a circle on the left side of the paper, on the right we draw 3 parts of this circle, taking into account that one of them is superfluous. Then we give the child the opportunity to find the 2 correct parts that make up the circle. This task can be done with other figures.
How to develop logical thinking in children?
The development of this type of thinking with the help ofA special technique will help the child, at the time of his admission to the first grade, slowly read and understand the reading, and also for his age understand the first elements of mathematics.
The first base in this area should be invisibleFor the baby and have a game form or conversation. For example, why the grass is wet, who meows, etc. In case the child completes his answer, he fully joins the game.
When the baby is already sure of the conclusions, offer himFor solving life situations. For example, you have to go for bread, and on the street it's raining, what should I do? In the end, praise the child for his correct logical reasoning, and all the rest ask him to substantiate.
If the preschooler is familiar with the solution of the protozoansArithmetic examples (one number more or less than the second), for clarity, show it in the form of objects: "I have 5 pencils, I took 3, there were 2 of them, this is less?".