Musical development of the child
Age of child under 2 years
Auditory perception of the baby, in contrast, for example,From the visual, by the time of birth is already well formed. Still in the belly of his mother, the child hears her voice. He repeats sounds made by animals and people, while the sounds of the inanimate nature are not very interesting (for example, knocking on the door).
If we talk about rattles, they canProduce completely different sounds: both voiced, and deaf, and crackling. When parents choose them, you should buy those that produce the largest range of sound. You can invite the baby to compare sounds from different toy-rattles.
Now the stores sell a large numberMusical electronic toys, including pianos, mobile phones, mats. It is very important that the music being published is of good quality and sufficiently recognizable. It will be good if the child needs to take some action in order to play the toy - it can be a blow to the key or a turn of the lever, etc. Thus, the child will have a cause-effect relationship at the level of "reaction-stimulus" Which means that the cortex will develop.
Child from two to three years old
At this age the child should be introduced toMusical instruments. It is very likely that the child will like the drum. It is worthwhile to suggest that the child try to tap the drum on the drum, then let him do it with his finger or simply stroke the surface of the drum. To expand the range of reproduced sounds, parents should beat off the drum roll. The child himself is unlikely to be able to beat the fraction, but this will prompt his interest in further actions with the instrument. You can not use the sticks until the child is injured.
After the drum, you can offer a tambourine. In principle, this is just a complicated version of the drum, because it also needs to be beaten so that it reproduces sounds.
At the next stage, it is possible to show the differences inDuration of sound and rhythm. This can be done as follows: with your left hand, beat slowly and rhythmically - once every two seconds, and with your right hand beat the drum every second. Thus, one left hand strike produces two right-hand strikes. Then you can suggest to replace one hand of the parent with the hand of the baby - let him feel the rhythm. With time, you can change the tempo and the ratio of strokes.
Children aged 4 years
The child in four years is still curious,Restless, impatient, but already experienced enough. At this age it is best to devote most of the time to music. When a child listens to a piece of music, he will begin to isolate the instruments known to him and will deal with the tempo. Therefore, during this period it is useful to acquaint him with new musical instruments, so the child will analyze the music, and thus develop his mental abilities.
Children after five years
The age has come when the child wants to create andTo make all sorts of noise. So there came a period when music should not be listened to, but reproduced. For this, Japanese or African drums, maracas and other instruments can be used. It is necessary to put some music, carefully listen to it and delve into it. Then you can try to supplement it yourself, you can use any tools at the same time. If the child does not immediately get any melody, then do not interrupt this action. If he just hits the instruments, it's also good, because it's a good way to get rid of negative emotions.
Now it is necessary to expand the repertoireListening to music. It is necessary to select those musical compositions that will correspond to the mood of the child - in this way one can even influence his emotional state.