Inflammation of the lungs in a child: symptoms
Inflammation of the lung in a child whose symptoms areDescribed below, develops when several types of viruses and microbes interact. An important role in the development of this disease is played by poor living conditions, malnutrition, hypotrophy, exudative diathesis, rickets, hypovitaminosis and a number of other diseases.
The first signs of pneumonia in a childOccur 2-7 days after the time of infection. During this period, microbes multiply in the respiratory tract. The first symptoms are the same as with a cold: a slight increase in temperature, nasal congestion, runny nose, a slight cough, redness of the throat and eyes. Within 2-4 days, these signs are on the decline or even pass. Also, the child can begin to have inflammation without the above symptoms.
In connection with the characteristics of the structure of childrenRespiratory tract, pneumonia in young children can take place in severe form. The nose and nasopharynx in young children are small, and the nasal passages and holes are narrow, so the inhaled air is poorly cleaned and warmed. Children's trachea and larynx have narrow lumens. Children's bronchi have little elastic fibers, which contributes to the rapid development of inflammatory processes in them.
At an early age, acute inflammation in the lungsForm is extremely rare, with the symptoms may be minor. If a child has such signs as a small temperature, a slight cyanosis around his mouth and nose, shortness of breath, pallor of the skin, parents should definitely turn to the pediatrician. Timely treatment, provided that the child is well developed and strong, will cope with the disease in 10-12 days.
If you do not start treatment in a timely mannerPneumonia, may develop a moderate or severe form. Symptoms of a moderate form of pneumonia are a restless state of the child, pale skin, obvious blueness of the face, severe shortness of breath, weakness, cough. There is also a violation of the rhythm of breathing, which manifests itself in its irregularity, it becomes superficial and frequent. Body temperature rises to 37.5-38.5 degrees. The course of this form of the disease (with adequate treatment) lasts 3-4 weeks.
Untimely and insufficient treatment of the childCan cause the development of severe forms of pneumonia. It is characterized by high fever, coughing, shortness of breath, pronounced distention, blueness of the lips, nose, ears and nails.
Because of shortness of breath, the child is observedOxygen starvation, which leads to disruption of metabolic processes in organs and tissues. Sometimes there is a purulent inflammation of the meninges, pleura.
Extremely dangerous and difficult inflammation of the lungsOccurs in preterm infants. This disease can even carry the danger of a child's life. In this case, the symptoms of pneumonia in such children are weakly expressed and may be unnoticeable for ignorant parents. Babies may refuse to breast-feed, they have cyanosis during feeding, they do not gain much weight. A sign of the disease is frequent breathing, the appearance on the lips of a foamy liquid. The child has pallor, lethargy, drowsiness, or, on the contrary, excessive excitement. In this case, the body temperature is often within the limits of the norm. If, upon detection of the above symptoms, do not begin immediate treatment, then within 2-3 days the condition of the child can deteriorate sharply.