School conflicts and their decisions
It is worth highlighting the three main groups of conflicts withinSchools: conflicts that are based on value bases, conflicts on the grounds of personal psychological and conflicts on the basis of resource-environment. Each of these conflicts requires completely different strategies of work. It should also be borne in mind that if a conflict situation arises in the classroom or school, all 3 groups of grounds should be distinguished in it.
The most serious basis for conflictSituations in school is the difference in worldviews, differences in the tasks of upbringing and education. The most common form of value conflict in school is a dispute between the values of education that parents are guided by and the values that the school or a certain teacher is oriented toward.
For example, parents areRigid educational model. They want the child to be obedient at first; And the teacher values the child's ability to express himself creatively. This discrepancy of values will be a constant source of conflicts, manifested in anything. Or vice versa: parents consider the main task of school education in the development of children's abilities to freedom, in the development of his personality, the development of his creative ideas, and the school adheres to a rigid educational system.
Another version of the value conflict is the conflict between the teacher and the school administration. Conflicts of this kind also arise between children, mainly in adolescence and older schoolchildren.
A value conflict is not resolved by anyPsychotherapeutic methods. It is worth trying to organize a dialogue. If this does not work, the only way out of this conflict is to make sure that in working moments there are people who are close in value orientations. That is, in this conflict, the most effective way of resolving - the division of the conflicting parties across the territories in those areas of work that cause controversy.
The very organization of the education process isPotentially conflict. Most often this is due to a shortage of some resources. Basically, to resolve this type of conflict, there is a more skilful and deliberate organization of the educational environment.
The most common among teachers and amongSchoolchildren conflicts, the so-called "did not meet the characters." Basically, they are connected with the struggle for leadership and self-affirmation. Such conflicts are resolved by psychological adjustment. It is necessary to conduct a variety of group and individual therapy, psychological training.
Types of school conflicts
There are five main groups of school conflicts:
- Between schoolchildren - intergenerational, inter-age
- Between schoolchildren and teachers
- Between teachers and parents
- Conflicts in the team of teachers themselves are interagency
- Conflicts between teachers and administration
- Inter-parent conflicts. This is the most insignificant for teachers conflicts.
The formula for solving conflicts in school
In school, each conflict is a consequence of some general irregularity. It is worth saying that there is a formula for solving conflicts in school, it consists of:
- Conflict analysis
- Search for ways and methods of conflict resolution
To resolve the conflict, it is also necessary to find out what happened for the conflict in the school, why. Methods of solving conflicts can be called 3 steps:
- Analysis of the disputable situation
- Withdrawal of psychological stress
- The choice of one of the possible solutions and its implementation