Montessori Early Development Methodology
The methodology for early development of Montessori hasThe key feature - to create a special development environment, in which the baby will want and be able to exercise their abilities. This method of development is not similar to traditional occupations, since the materials of Montessori give the child the opportunity to see their own mistakes and correct them. The role of the educator is not in teaching, but in giving the child a guide to independent activity. Thus, the technique helps the child develop logical thinking, attention, creative thinking, speech, imagination, memory, motor skills. Particular attention is paid to collective tasks and games that help the child to learn the skills of communication, to master everyday activities that promote the development of independence.
Truly Montessori's method for every childProvides unlimited freedom of action, because the child himself decides what he will do today: read, study geography, count, plant a flower, and erase.
However, the freedom of one person ends inThe place where the freedom of the second person begins. This is the key principle of a modern democratic society, and one outstanding teacher and humanist about 100 years ago implemented this principle. At that time, the "big world" was far from real democracy. And most likely therefore, small children (2-3 year olds) in Montessori Garden knew very well that if other children reflect, then they should not indulge and make noise. They also knew that they had to clean up the materials and toys on the shelf, if they created a puddle or dirt, they must be thoroughly wiped out, so that others would be pleased and comfortable to do it.
At school with the Montessori method there is no usualDivision into classes, because all children of different ages are engaged in one group. The child, who has come to this school for the first time, easily joins the children's collective and assimilates the accepted rules of behavior. To assimilate help the "old-timers", who have experience of staying at the Montessori school. Older children (old-timers) help the younger not only to learn, but also show them letters, teach how to play didactic games. Yes, it's children who teach each other! Then what does the teacher do? The teacher carefully observes the group, but only when the child himself is seeking help, or in his work will experience serious difficulties.
Room Montessori class is divided into 5 zones, in each zone the thematic material is formed.
For example, there is a zone of practical life, hereThe child learns himself and others to service. In this zone, you can really wash clothes in a basin and even pat them with a hot real iron; A real shoe polish to clean your shoes; Cut the vegetables for a salad with a sharp knife.
There is also a zone of sensory development of the child, here he learns by certain criteria to distinguish objects. In this zone there are materials that develop tactile sensations, sense of smell, hearing, sight.
The mathematical zone helps the child to master the concept of quantity and how the quantity is associated with the symbol. In this zone the child learns to solve mathematical operations.
The language zone, here the child learns to write and read.
A "space" zone in which a childthe surrounding world gets perhaps the first views. Here the child also learns about the culture and history of different peoples, the interaction and interrelationships of objects and phenomena.
The Montessori Method teaches children skillsself-service, because he believes that this will not only make the child independent (zipper the jacket, lace up the shoes), but also help develop the muscles that are needed to master the skills of writing.