Staphylococcus in infants
For an adult with strong immuneThe system of Staphylococcus aureus often does no harm. According to statistics, from 20% to 40% of the population - passive carriers of this type of bacteria. And, people do not even suspect about its presence in their own body. But for infants, Staphylococcus aureus can be a real threat. The fact is that this bacterium affects the weakest places of babies, causing severe complications and always requires a quick and specific treatment. Unfortunately, staphylococcus has long been successfully mutated and was able to adapt to antibiotics, even to penicillin. Because the usual therapy with antibiotics to eliminate staphylococcus in infants is not enough. In addition, after the transfer of staphylococcal infection there is no immunity. This means that having experienced staphylococcus once, a person is not immune from another meeting with him.
Most often, staphylococcus affects infants. This is due to the weak immune system and the fact that children are constantly pulling their hands in the mouth, different toys and any surrounding objects, on which the bacterium often breeds. Staphylococcus often overtakes infants from the first days of life. According to statistics, 99% of babies have this microbe on their skin when they leave the hospital. But the fact that staphylococcus is on the baby does not mean that it will lead to infection. Although, of course, the very presence of this bacterium does not contribute to the health of the baby and the calmness of the parents.
Prevention and treatment
It is well known that any disease, and a dangerous one - andIt is always easier to prevent than cure. In the case of staphylococcus a priority is also given to the need for prevention, which consists in observing the basic rules of hygiene and procedures for caring for oneself. Careful personal hygiene of the mother is the main condition for preventing staphylococcus in infants. Increasing the immunity of the baby, or rather, eliminating all the factors that reduce it, is also important. This applies, in the first place, weakened or born before the term infants, as well as in children, who during the period of gestation recorded oxygen hypoxia. In the risk zone are also infants, whose mothers during pregnancy suffered from gestosis.
It was in the maternity hospital that on the 5th-6th day the weakenedThe presence of staphylococcus often begins to manifest itself. Actually, a decrease in immunity is the main function of this bacterium. And since in infants immunity is not yet fully formed and can not react quickly to the staphylococcal disease, it is the kids who become infected with staphylococcal infection for up to a year.
Most often, the situation is complicated by the fact thatInfection with staphylococcal infection in the first stages of the disease by symptoms is no different from infection by any other infection. Increased temperature, upset stomach, diarrhea and vomiting, loss of appetite and lethargy - for similar symptoms even a specialist is difficult to determine from the running that they were caused by staphylococcus. So, often a doctor begins to treat a completely different disease, losing precious time. But, having missed the early stage of the disease in an infant, the parents will in the near future face its later form, which appears 3-5 days after infection. In this case, staphylococcus in children makes itself felt in the form of skin lesions. Most often, the infection is accompanied by pustular inflammation, and infectious conjunctivitis may also form. In literature, it is often mentioned and such a symptom in infants, as "a symptom of a scalded baby" or, as people say, pemphigus. To treat staphylococcus in infants should be started as soon as possible. Moving to a later form, this serious infection can go deeper and hit the internal organs, causing severe sepsis.
Symptoms of staphylococcus are different and depend onSeverity and rate of disease progression. Staphylococcus in children up to a year is often manifested by symptoms such as food poisoning, intoxication, diarrhea and vomiting, a fever of 39 degrees, redness of the skin and (in rare cases) the removal of its surface layer. At occurrence of any of these signs the kid at once should be shown to the skilled expert, after all an incubation period of a staphilococcus happens very much and very short - from two o'clock till four days. The first and most important condition for successful treatment of staphylococcus in infants is a constant and clearly executed regime of maximum hygiene and purity. The treatment of staphylococcus is complicated because of the extreme resistance of the bacterium to the external effects of antibiotics. They, however, are used in the therapy of staphylococcus in children. This, as a rule, antibiotics penicillin series. Also, in order to treat staphylococcus in children in the first year of life, effective antiparasitic devices are used to conduct bioresonance therapy. Also widely used and antiseptics, and a number of immune medications, and with special need and the strongest antibiotics of a wide range. Effectively in the treatment of staphylococcus in infants and the use of bacteriophages - microorganisms that can selectively affect bacterial cells. It is also possible and vaccination of the baby, stimulating the production of staphylococcal antibodies in the body. General therapy through the use of drugs is prescribed only after an analysis of the sensitivity of the child to antibiotics. For the treatment of staphylococcus, as a rule, use sulfonamide drugs, enzymes, antibiotics, probiotics and a course of vitamin therapy.