Psychological readiness of the child for schooling
Psychological readiness for school is best determined a year before admission to school, in this case there will be time to correct or correct, what it needs.
Many parents think that the readiness for schooling is only in the mental readiness of the child. Therefore, they lead the child to develop attention, memory, and thinking.
However, the child's psychological readiness for schooling has the following parameters.
- Motivational readiness - the most important component of school readiness, itIs the child's motivation for learning activity. Distinguish internal and external motivation. If you ask the child if he wants to go to school, many will answer: "I want to." But it will be different "I want". External attributes are associated with external motivation, for example, "I want a pencil box, like my sister's," or "I want a beautiful portfolio." The internal motivation of the child is connected with the desire to acquire knowledge, to learn.
- Volition readiness. It consists in the fact that the child is able to act by command, according to the appropriate pattern. A child, neglecting his desires, must be able to follow certain rules.
- Communicative readiness. The child should have the skills to interact withAdults (teachers), and with their peers. When communicating with adults, for example, he should know when during the lesson you can get up; Teachers ask questions, not trivial matters, etc. When communicating with peers, a child must be able to cooperate and negotiate with other children. In addition, he should feel calm enough in a competitive environment, since school life is a competition!
- Speech readiness. This type of readiness is very important. The child should be able to ask and answer questions, communicate in dialogue, have the skill of retelling.
Than a psychologist may I help In the preparation of the child for school?
At firstHe can conduct a diagnosis of the child's readiness for schooling;
Secondly, A psychologist can help develop attention, thinking, imagination, memory to the required level, so that you can begin to study;
Thirdly, The psychologist can correct the motivational, speech, strong-willed and communicative spheres.
Fourthly, A psychologist will help minimize your child's anxiety, which inevitably arises before important changes in life.
Why is it necessary?but?
The quieter and more confident school life beginsFor your child, the better the child adapts to school, classmates and teachers, the greater the chances that the child will not have problems either in the primary or in the senior classes. If we want children to grow up to be self-confident, educated, happy people, then for this we must create all the necessary conditions. The school is the most important link in this work.
Remember that a child's readiness to learnMeans only that it has a basis for its development in the next period. But do not think that this willingness will automatically avoid future problems. Calming the teachers and parents will lead to the fact that there will be no further development. Therefore, you can not in any case stop. It is necessary to go all the time further.
Psychological readiness of parents
First of all, it is necessary to say about the psychologicalParents' readiness, because their child will soon go to school. Of course, the child must be ready for school, and this is very important. And this, above all, intellectual and communication skills, as well as the overall development of the child. But if parents somehow think about intellectual skills (they teach the child to write and read, develop memory, imagination, etc.), then they often forget about communicative skills. And in the readiness of the child for school is also a very important parameter. If a child is brought up in the family all the time, if he does not attend special places, where he could learn to communicate with his peers, such a child may have a much harder time adapting to school.
An important factor in children's readiness for schooling is the general development of the child.
General development is understood not as the ability to write andCount, and the inner content of the child. Interest in the hamster, the ability to rejoice in the butterfly flying by, curiosity about what is written in the book - all this is a component of the overall development of the child. What the child brings out of the family and what helps to find his place in the new school life. To ensure that your child has such a development, you need to talk a lot with him, sincerely interested in his feelings, thoughts, and not just what he ate for lunch and did his lessons.
If the child is not ready for school
Sometimes it happens that the child is not ready forSchooling. Of course, this is not a verdict. And in this case, the talent of the teacher is very important. The teacher must create the necessary conditions for the child to enter the school life smoothly and not painfully. He should help the child find himself in an unfamiliar, new environment for him, teach him how to communicate with peers.
In this case, there is another side - thisParents of the child. They must trust the teacher, and if there is no disagreement between the teacher and the parents, the child will be much easier. This is to ensure that it does not happen as in the well-known proverb: "who is in the woods, and who is on the wood". The integrity of parents with teachers is a very important component in the education of the child. If the child has any problems that parents see, or some difficulties, then you need to tell the teacher about this and it will be correct. In this case, the teacher will know and understand the child's difficulties and will be able to help him to better adapt. The talent and sensitivity of the teacher, as well as the sensible behavior of parents, can compensate for all difficulties in teaching the child and make his school life easy and joyful.