Vaccination against tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough
Because children have equallyIncreased risk of infection with these infections, it was suggested to combine their antigens (drugs that cause the formation of immunity but are unable to cause infection) into a single inoculation (DPT). It is believed that the vaccination against tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough (DTP) is the most reactogenic vaccination, because its application most often causes all sorts of secondary reactions.
What it is necessary to learn about vaccinations of DTP and ADP?
There are 2 types of combined vaccinations from these diseases: acellular graft (DTP) and whole-cell graft (DTP).
The cell-free vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (DPT) was designed to reduce the number of neurological complications to the pertussis constituent of the vaccine.
Small reactions to the whole-cell DTP vaccine occur in 0 .1% - 1 .0% of cases and include constant crying (3 hours) after vaccination and elevated temperature (up to 40 ° C).
Combined vaccinations against diphtheria and tetanus (in the absence of pertussis) include ADA toxoid and ADS-M toxoid (the letter "m" means that the vaccine has a reduced number of working drugs).
Children over the age of 7 and adults are introducedOnly ADS-M. To immunize children younger than 7 years who had whooping cough or have contraindications against the pertussis component of the vaccine, it is recommended to take antidepressant toxoid.
To whom and how soon is the inoculation of DTP or ADS necessary?
Vaccination against tetanus, pertussis and diphtheria,According to the national vaccination calendar, children are given three doses in a period of three, four and a half and six months. In a year and a half, the first revaccination of DTP is carried out. At 7 years of age and in accordance with this, at 14 years of age, the 2nd and 3rd revaccination (ADS) is introduced.
Adults and children over 14 years of age are vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus (ADD) every 10 years from the last final revaccination.
Who is not eligible for the DTP vaccine?
DTP is contraindicated:
- Then, when the child experiences the suffering of the disease (pneumonia, bronchitis, pyelonephritis, temperature above 38 C), you will need to wait until the baby's condition improves.
- In the event that the baby had an allergic reaction to the previous dose of the DTP vaccine, the subsequent vaccination can not be made.
- In case, during 7 days after the introduction of the previous dose of DPT vaccination, the baby developed a mental illness, it is impossible to put the forth dose of DPT.
- If the infant experiences progressive sufferingNeurologic disease, febrile seizures, epilepsy, modern encephalopathy: DTP is suspended until the neurological state of the baby is stabilized.
Ask your healthcare provider about the DTP vaccine if, with the previous DTP, your baby:
- There was a syncope or convulsions
- There was constant crying for three hours or more
- The body temperature increased above 40C 48 hours after the introduction of the vaccine
- There were severe neurologic diseases for 6 weeks or less after the vaccination, which contained tetanus toxoid.
Risk related to cases involvingDTP is significantly lower than the risk of origin of exactly the same complications in case of infection with infections from which DTP protects. Not to mention that almost all of the complications of DTP are all chances to be prevented by observing contraindications and caution in vaccination.