How to teach a child to pronounce the letter P
Virtually there are no such parents who are notWould worry about the question of when their child will already begin to clearly speak the letter R. First, one should never panic if there is no opportunity to cope with this issue quickly and at ease. The fact is that while the child's speech is only developing, its consolidation, becoming is carried out. So it's hardly worth asking for a perfect pronunciation from a baby. But you can not relax too. After all, if you do not correct the pronunciation in childhood, then card accuracy will surely remain in adulthood.
There is a certain schedule in the formationSpeech babies. Of course, it is not so easy to teach a child how to correctly and quickly speak the letter P at the age of two or three. Lessons with the baby should be started from the very beginning. According to statistics, it is this insidious letter that submits to the children at the very last. The best age for its favorable assimilation is 5-6 years. Special treatment and the conduct of peculiar articulatory exercises are unnecessary until this age.
Self-study and speech therapist
If you are diligently engaged with the child, butAttempts to teach him to pronounce the letter P and did not achieve the desired effect, then be sure to consult a speech therapist. First, the specialist will be able to pinpoint the cause, because of which the child does not get this sound to say. Little children pronounce the letter P in different ways. Some try to replace it with other sounds, for example, with the sound of L. Others generally swallow in endings, or pronounce only in certain words, most often in the middle of a word. Cases of the pronunciation of the letter P with the help of the larynx are not rare among children. This is one of the main reasons for concern. The cause of mistaken pronunciation can also be poorly developed breathing or articulatory apparatus. Speech therapist will be able to establish all the problems and features of pronunciation, and also help to select individual exercises and teach the child to cope with the letter R.
However, the main purpose of visiting a medicalConsultation is the identification of severe abnormalities at the initial stage. Sometimes, against the background of an erroneous reprimand of the letter p, a pathology such as dysarthria can form - it affects the brain directly. It is extremely important to identify these violations at the earliest stages.
If everything is normal, if the formation of speechPlanned and correct, it is quite possible to perform step by step a number of easy exercises for training the children's language independently. Here are examples of effective exercises:
1. After washing the thumb of the hand, the child puts it under the tongue, and then starts moving it to the right and left. To make it more interesting, you can tell the kid that he "starts a motor" in the typewriter.
2. Play with the baby in clean teeth. First you need to stretch your lips in a big smile, then simulate brushing your teeth with the tip of your tongue. "Clean" you need exactly the back surface of the upper teeth. Let the baby try not to move the lower jaw during the exercise.
3. Another effective training, which helps to teach the child to pronounce this and other letters, is clinking the tongue, imitating the sound of the horse's hooves.
4. You can also play a little prank. Let the baby put out a relaxed tongue between the teeth and chat to them. You can do this as if teasing - with a soundtrack. Or you can compete, who puts out his tongue more strongly.
Such exercises help to train the muscles of the articulatory block and help later to teach the child to speak independently of the letter P without resorting to special help.
In order to learn how to set the language correctlyThus, it is necessary to train on all other sounds in passing. Perfectly suited for this long sounds D and Z. Let the child utters them, sprawling out the sides of his lips.
Play with advantage
Practically no training of kids can notDo without interesting games. And such a case is not an exception. You can, for example, learn or read a couple of tongue twisters. As soon as it becomes possible to master the pronunciation of the impregnable letter R, the children are ready to demonstrate their skill with joy. Allow the child to consolidate his skill, repeating all known tongue twisters. You can also compose tongue twisters yourself.
Roman's gauntlets suddenly fell out of his pocket. Why do not you put them in your pocket, Roman? So it's been a long winter already-the hands are cold all the same.
Or such patter:
Hands rubbed and turned the rubles.
The main thing is that the desire to teach the childTo pronounce Р was carried out in the form of games, instead of monotonous and boring employment. Correctly pronounce all the sounds, of course, is important, but do not force the baby. Without interest and desire on the part of the child, any activities will not give the desired result. Interesting are kids and such activities that you need to repeat every day 3-5 times:
Growling - looking at the picture with the tiger, roar with the child;
Competition - try to reach out to the tip of the nose and then touch it to the chin;
Kitty - pour into the plate juice or milk, and polakayte it, imitating a cat.