The process of adaptation of the child in school
Adaptation of the child in school: general information
The learning process for any child is commemoratedThree difficult transition stages. The first, the most difficult, is entering the first grade. The second - the transition to the fifth grade, from primary to secondary school. The third is the transition to grade 10, from high school to senior.
And if children can already with the second and third stagesIt is difficult for first-graders to adapt themselves to a sharp change in their activities. Therefore, parents of first-graders during this period need to focus on their child as much as possible and help him to adapt to school.
Adaptation period for school for each childIndividual: someone suffices a couple of weeks, someone needs six months. The time of adaptation depends on the nature of the child, his features, the ability to interact with others; From the type of school and the degree of preparedness of the child to life in school. In the first school days, the child will need maximum support from his whole family: parents, grandparents. The help of adults will help the child quickly get used to his new life.
Do not immediately drive a first-grader into a toughFramework "came from the school - sat down for lessons." And in any case, you can not limit the child in communication with classmates. During the period of active adaptation to the school, the child begins to actively socialize, establish new contacts, work for his status in the company of children, learns to help and help friends. Your task as a parent is to help your child learn how to interact with others. It is especially important to follow the niche in the class circle of the child's marking. The chosen social role in the classroom will directly affect the whole learning process and interaction with other children. And the position fixed in the first class will be preserved for the whole period of school education. So if a child is suddenly considered an "all-knowing" person, then help him break the picture that has formed about him, since in adolescence such a status can turn into unpleasant consequences.
How does the teacher affect the adaptation process of a first-grader?
The first teacher is, perhaps, not onlyThe most important person for your child, is an important person for your entire family. It is she who can give you advice on the upbringing of the child, help to direct it in the right direction. You should immediately establish contact with the teacher and periodically take an interest in how the child behaves in school. You can participate in the school life of your child, arranging, for example, holidays. Separate your requirements and the teacher's requirements for the child. If you do not understand the methodology of teaching, ask the teacher to explain it, but in no case press on the child, he should not suffer from your disagreements with the teacher.
One important factor in learning is the neighborChild on the desk. In fact, this is one of the guarantors for the successful rapid adaptation of the child to school. You should inquire as to how your child's relationship with his neighbor is developing. Do not assume that your child always behaves flawlessly. It is he who can disturb and distract a neighbor on the desk, but for this you can not punish: it is difficult for young children to sit still for a long time. You should explain to your child that it is necessary to respect the personal space of another, and if the neighbor on the desk is working, then he does not need to be distracted. Praise the child for achievements and teach him to help others. Subsequently, the habit of helping each other help children in difficult moments.
How to understand that the child has successfully adapted to the school?
- The child likes to learn, he goes to school with pleasure, is confident in himself and does not fear anything.
- The child easily copes with the school curriculum. If the program is difficult, then the child needs help, but in no case do not scold. It is strictly forbidden to compare your child with other, more successful children, and criticize all his actions. Your child is unique, you do not need to equate it with another.
- Take care that the child does not overwork. Excessively complex school program requires a competent allocation of time, otherwise a child may get sick. If the kid does not cope with the program, it is worth thinking about how to transfer your child to another class or to another school where the load is less.
- Customize the child for success. He must believe in himself. Do not be apathetic towards learning.
- Your child has successfully adapted to the school ifHe does his homework and piles it over himself to the last. The child should approach you with a request for help only if all of his attempts to solve the problem proved to be a failure. Do not rush to offer your help, otherwise the child will get used to the fact that you need to do lessons only with your help, not yourself. Gradually weaken the boundaries of your help, reducing it to nothing. In this way you will develop the child's independence.
- And, finally, the most important indicator of successfully completed adaptation to the school will be that the child likes his new friends and his teacher.