The child's well-being after vaccination
Well-being after vaccination
With local (normal) reactions There is insignificant soreness,Compaction and reddening with a diameter of about 8 centimeters at the injection site. The reaction occurs immediately after the inoculation of the child and lasts for four days. It is caused by the ingestion of additional substances into the body. Side effects are manifested by a violation of appetite, headache and fever. Often, after the introduction of live vaccines - the weak effects of the disease. Such processes are not long-term and take place in the period from one to five days. The child's well-being with a local reaction rarely differs from that of an adult.
Strong post-vaccination (general) reactions In most cases occur after administrationPreparations from tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis and measles. Common reactions are manifested in the form of a rash on the body, loss of appetite, sleep disturbances, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, fever above 39 degrees, and even loss of consciousness. Edema and redness of the injection site is greater than 8 centimeters in diameter. A more rare general reaction is anaphylactic shock (as a result of the introduction of the vaccine, blood pressure drops sharply). At children of early age there can be a long-term crying.
How to avoid side effects after vaccinations
Fortunately, complications after vaccines do not happen very often. And if the baby is sick after the vaccination, then often this disease is simply coincidentally coincident with the vaccination.
There are a number of rules that are recommended to follow, in order to reduce the risk of complications after vaccination.
1. First of all, make sure that the baby is healthy. For this it is worthwhile to visit children's doctors and additionally consult in cases if:
- The child has a birth injury, a diathesis or some other disease;
- The kid takes a different kind of medicine;
- The last vaccination was followed by a severe reaction;
- The child has an allergy to anything;
- A child or family member has AIDS, cancer or other types of immune disease;
- The child was given a blood transfusion in recent months, or he received gammaglobulin;
- Someone from family members or the child himself receives chemotherapy, radiation therapy and takes steroid medications.
2. Do not give up the advice of doctors, even if after the first vaccination there were no complications - this does not guarantee that the next time everything will pass just as imperceptibly. At the first ingression of the antigen into the body, it can not react at all, and with repeated administration, the allergic reaction can be quite complicated.
3. It is recommended that you carefully examine the contraindications to a particular injection and to vaccination in general, in order to make sure that they are not relevant to your child. Doctors are required to provide such information as instruction to the drug, and ask for the expiry date - you need to know this.
4. No less than a week before the injection, it is not recommended to introduce new foods into the diet, especially if the child is prone to allergies.
5. Consult the pediatrician about the existing ways to mitigate or prevent the body's reactions to the vaccine. The doctor can prescribe a prophylactic drug for the child, which will need to be taken for a while. Ask your doctor what kind of allergic reactions you can expect and after what period of time.
6. It is recommended to pass general tests of urine and blood, according to which you can see if vaccination is allowed or not. Moreover, the closer the time of delivery of the tests and the vaccination, the better. It is not necessary to start a complete examination (immunological) - it will not make any sense, the parameters of the immunological status can not indicate an increased risk of side effects. It also makes no sense to check the presence of specific antibodies in infants because they are likely to still have the mother's antibodies circulating, which disappear in the first few months of life.
7. Before vaccination, be sure to assess the overall health of the baby and measure the temperature. At the slightest doubt, you need to show the child to the doctor. Immediately before the injection, go to the pediatrician.
Actions after vaccination
1. The next half an hour after vaccination is recommended to be carried out at the polyclinic, so that in case of severe side effects you are provided with qualified help.
2. When the temperature rises, give the child more fluid, you can also wipe the child's body with warm water. With the emergence of local reactions (pain, redness, edema), you can apply a slightly soaked in an icy water terry towel to the site of the injection. Do not use ointments or any compresses on your own. If the improvement does not occur within a day, you should contact the doctor.
3. Look attentively at the slightest changes in the mental and physical state of your child, especially when there has not been a prophylaxis.
4. Side effects can last for several days, all this time you need to carefully monitor your health. About those changes that you find strange and unusual, tell the pediatrician, this information will be very valuable when preparing for the next vaccination.
5. In case of signs of loss of consciousness or asphyxiation, it is necessary to call an ambulance, do not forget to inform the arriving physicians about the vaccination carried out the day before.
6. After the introduction of live vaccines, you must stop taking sulfonamides and antibiotics for at least seven weeks. If after the expiration of all terms the child has had any phenomenon of allergic reactions (nervousness, inflammation and edema at the injection site, etc.), then for some time refuse to introduce new products into the diet and go to the pediatrician.