So it should be in the baby, but it happens the opposite, when the skin of the baby leaves much to be desired and worries the parents.
First of all, young parents are worried aboutQuestions related to the proper care of the child and the state of his health and skin. For example, caring for the child's skin, what it should be, what to warn and what to follow. These questions require a long and detailed explanation. We will now talk about this.
Functions of the skin and its structure.
The human skin consists of 2 layers (epidermis anddermis). Epidermis - the outer skin of the skin, consisting of horny and basal layers. Dermis - is under the epidermis and is a connective tissue in which hair bulbs are in turn. And also the sebaceous and sweat glands.
The skin performs a number of vital functions:
Those features, which we talked about above,Are inherent in both an adult and a newborn baby. Now we will talk about the features of skin care for a child. The skin of babies is the most sensitive, it has a lot of features that make the child vulnerable and vulnerable. All these young parents need to know about these features in order to give the newborn a good care.
·A newly born baby has a very thin skin(3-4 rows of cells). Since this layer performs a protective function, because of its fineness the child is very easy to injure. Such a thin layer of skin does not fully perform the thermoregulatory function, so the baby quickly freezes and overheats.
·The newborns have a very loose layer, where the epidermis and dermis are connected. Therefore, a child more than adults is susceptible to penetration into the body of the infection.
·Just penetration of the infection in the bloodThe developed network of capillaries. But besides this it promotes a good gas exchange of the skin. In other words, the protective function of the baby's skin is much inferior to the skin of an adult.
·Another feature of the skin of a newborn,That it contains 80-90% water, in contrast to the adult, whose water content is 65-70%. This content of water in the baby's body should be constantly maintained, because because of a thin layer of skin, water evaporates rapidly with increasing ambient temperature and the skin begins to dry.
·Skin in young children is poorly protected from penetration of ultra violet rays due to the low content of melanin.
Tips for caring for your baby's skin.
·Ensure an optimum ambient temperature. This factor, along with hygiene procedures,An important role in the proper care of the child's skin. This must be done to ensure that the child's skin maintains a constant temperature and does not lose the right amount of water in the body, since the skin of the newborn can not itself cope with the thermoregulatory function. In the room in which the baby is located, it is necessary to maintain a constant temperature, approximately 20 degrees, to protect from overheating, otherwise the baby may develop a perspiration.
·Thoroughly bathe the newborn. In the absence of contraindications, the child needsBathe every day. To do this, you need tap water. The water temperature should be 36-37 degrees. A weak solution of potassium permanganate must be added to the water. Twice a week, bathe the child with baby soap, wash the baby's head 1-2 times a week with baby soap or a special baby shampoo. Do not forget that in no case can the newborn be wetted with umbilical water containing manganese solution.
·Moisturize the skin. Every day, look at your baby's skin. If you notice dry areas, moisten them. To do this, home remedies (olive or sunflower oil), pre-sterilized them. Vaseline can also be used for moisturizing, but it is not as effective.
·Treat natural skin folds. After you moisturize the skin of the newborn,Treat the folds in the groin, in the knee, neck and other folds. Apply for this you can special baby cream. To process a cream all body it is impossible. As this will clog the pores, and the skin will stop breathing. This can cause hypoxia or a lack of oxygen in the blood.
·Handle the umbilical wound. Umbilical wound should be treated until,Until it is completely closed and there will be no selections during processing. For this procedure you will need a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide. When handling, push apart the edges of the umbilical wound. Crusts that are at the bottom of the wound should be removed. After carrying out this procedure, treat the umbilical cord with 1-2% solution of brilliant green (zelenok) or 5% potassium permanganate. More in detail and visually, this will teach you a visiting patron.
·Provide the newborn with air and sunbathing. Parents think that by this they temper theirThe kid. But apart from this, these procedures are very important for skin hygiene, since they help the child get rid of sweating and diaper rash. When taking such a bath the child should not be in direct sunlight, as the skin of the child is poorly protected from ultra violet rays. He can lie down in the garden under a tree or on the veranda, naturally, if the air temperature allows. This procedure helps the newborn to ventilate and when receiving a minimum dose of ultra violet rays, produce a vitamin D. In winter, of course, it is necessary to limit the baby toSunbathing, but you can provide it with air baths. When swaddling it is enough to leave the child for a few minutes naked. A kid at the age of 3 months can take air baths for 15-20 minutes a day, half a year 30 minutes, and a year up to 40 minutes a day.
If you carefully take care of your baby's skin, your baby will be happy with your health and not bring any worries or inconveniences.