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Nutrition of the child in one year

During the first year of life, the child made a big breakthroughNot only in its development, but also in nutrition. He started with mother's milk (or a milk formula), and gradually became acquainted with porridges, vegetables, fruits, cottage cheese, meat, learned to swallow and chew and now can cope with foods cut into small pieces and with puree food.

But you do not need to rush to feed the child "adult"Food. In the menu, the baby should have dishes that are cooked taking into account the characteristics of his chewing apparatus and digestive system - casseroles, soufflé, steam cutlets, vegetable purees and boiled porridges. Do not sharply refuse from baby food in jars, because these products are prepared for babies, and if you do not have the opportunity to cook this for a child, take advantage of ready meals.

Children canned food, which are designed forChildren over one year old, have a consistency suitable for his age, the food contains large pieces. The composition of baby food is becoming increasingly diverse - the components used are being expanded, the food is already seasoned with spices: basil, bay leaf, celery, dill, parsley (of course, in a minimal amount).

The stomach volume of a one-year-old baby is still small, andThe nutritional needs are high enough, so the baby needs to eat often, but in small amounts. You should adhere to the diet and offer the baby food at the same time. This is a five-time feeding at intervals of 3.5 or 4 hours (breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea, dinner and a sour milk drink or milk for the night).

Until a year the child received a large dailyAmount of mother's milk or milk formula. The share of dairy products in the baby's nutrition after the first year of life should not be sharply reduced. After all, dairy products are a good source of vitamins of group B, phosphorus, calcium and protein. Every day a child should receive 500 or 600 ml of milk and fermented milk products (both in the form of additives in cereals, casseroles, and in pure form).

You still need to give preference toSpecialized products of baby food: cottage cheese, baby yogurt. For children over one year old there are special milk formulas that are enriched with trace elements and vitamins, which must be included in the child's diet. If the mother still has breast milk, it will continue to be a source of nutrients for the baby and protect it from possible infections. Gradually, you need to start introducing the child to curd and vegetable casseroles. You can give the baby and small pieces of light cheese. If the chewing is not yet very possible, the cheese can be given in grated form.

Vegetables and cereals
Kasha must be present in the dietYear-old child. This dish should be on the table at the crumbs every day. Prepare the baby for corn, rice, buckwheat, oatmeal, and other cereals. They enrich the baby's body with many valuable substances and are very useful for digestion. Do not rush to accustom the child to pasta - most likely, the kid will fall in love and appreciate this dish, but the nutritional value of such a product is low.

To familiarize the child with bread is necessary gradually. To begin with, offer him wheat white bread, it is easier to digest by the body, and then in the diet you can gradually include black bread.

At any time of the year, the child's menu should beDifferent fruits and vegetables. In summer and autumn, it can be fresh fruits and vegetables (if the baby chews the food badly, then it can be rubbed on a grater), casseroles, mashed potatoes and vegetable soups.

In winter-spring time, offer your childReady-made children's vegetable and fruit purees in jars, prepare mashed potatoes and soups of fresh-frozen vegetables, give mousses and compotes of fresh-frozen berries. Of fruits, it is better to give preference to those that grow in our strip: plums, pears, apples.
Exotic fruits should be treated withGreat caution, a baby can have an allergic reaction. As a drink, offer berry and fruit jelly, prepared from fresh or frozen berries and fruits, or from quality dried fruits.

"Serious" food
Full nutrition one year old baby is impossiblewithout meat. The baby should be given lean pork, chicken, rabbit, turkey. And also veal, beef, various by-products - liver, heart, tongue. All meat products are prepared in the form of meatballs or steam cutlets. It is still possible to give the child meat canned children, which were used up to a year. Meat dish is best to give the baby for dinner.

2 or 3 times a week, meat should be replaced with fishDish: it can be low-fat varieties - walleye pollock, cod. Fish enriches the child's body with phosphorus, necessary for building bones, and marine fish species enrich the body with polyunsaturated fatty acids and iodine. A child's diet should be diverse, then he will receive a sufficient amount of macro- and microelements and vitamins.

Sample menu for one day for a one-year-old child
Early breakfast
As the first meal - breast milk, milk for children from a year or a milk formula.
Breakfast
Porridge gives him a charge of energy for the whole day and well saturates the baby. Juice provides the baby's body with essential microelements and vitamins.
A hearty meal
A full meal for a child includes a meat dish - a good source of iron and protein. Garnish dishes or vegetables are perfect as a side dish. You can offer the child a soup.
Delicious afternoon snack
Fruit puree - well suited for a small snack. You can give the baby juice if he did not get it for breakfast.
Light dinner
Dinner is not as dense as dinner. You can give the child a cereal or vegetable dish, and at night offer him special milk for children or breast milk. This menu includes all the necessary components that children need at this stage of development.

Now we know what should be the baby's nutrition in 1 year. Follow these tips, and your baby will eat right and get the necessary vitamins and minerals.
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