Allergies in a child on a nervous basis
From a medical point of view, this is not entirely true. Pathogenetic basis of allergic diseases in children are immunopathological reactions, the development of which is associated with sensitization (sensitivity) of the body to substances and compounds that have allergenic properties. The penetration of allergens into the internal environment of the body can occur through the digestive tract (food, medicines, chemical additives in food), by inhalation (house air allergens, pollen allergens, chemical compounds), parenterally through blood (pharmacological agents, vaccines), with Hit allergen on the skin (chemical compounds).
The influence of the child's age onThe development of sensitization to certain allergens. For example, food allergy is more often developed in children of the first years of life. Sensitization of the organism to allergens occurs more quickly in children with a hereditary predisposition to allergic pathology, with a low barrier function of the cavity organs with respect to foreign antigens and with prolonged contact of the child with the allergen. Here it will be appropriate to say about the importance of stress factors, under the influence of which allergic reaction develops. Thus, stress is not the cause of the child's allergy, but is provocative, exacerbating the condition.
At an early age, stress for a baby can becomeTransition to artificial feeding and termination of the mother to breastfeed, as well as the first introduction of complementary foods. A significant negative emotional factor is the child's isolation, separation from the mother, lack of communication and the love of the parents. At school age, a child can experience because of assessments, relationships with teachers and peers. It must be remembered that all the negative emotions experienced by a child can in one way or another affect the development of an allergic disease. In connection with the increase in allergic diseases in children, there is a need to develop and implement special prevention programs.
Excessive intake by mothers during pregnancyProducts that have a high allergenic activity (milk, eggs, fish, juice, etc.) may cause fetal sensitization. To the development of atopic diseases (diathesis) in infants, predispositions to infectious diseases carried by mothers during pregnancy and antibiotic therapy carried out in connection with this, and especially antibiotics of the penicillin series, can predispose. The effect of passive smoking on the fetus during pregnancy was noted in 46% of children with bronchial asthma. The high prevalence of allergic diseases of the skin and respiratory organs is observed in children born to women who worked during pregnancy in textile and chemical enterprises. Fetal hypoxia, the threat of miscarriage, cardiovascular and bronchopulmonary diseases of the mother, the pathological course of labor significantly affect the development of allergies. The risk of developing atopic diseases in children rises after viral diseases suffered by the mother during pregnancy.
The data presented justify the need forReduction of allergic load: the exclusion of products with high sensitizing activity, limiting drug therapy to strict indications, avoiding occupational hazards, stopping smoking, preventing the development of viral diseases.
In young children, the leading causeThe development of food allergy is intolerance to cow's milk proteins. Breastfeeding is the most effective way of preventing its development. Breastmilk contains bettalactoglobulin in 60,000-100,000 times less than in milk mixtures. Therefore, when breastfeeding children at risk associated with the occurrence of allergic pathology, it is necessary to eliminate cow's milk from the nutrition of their mothers.
The starting factor for the occurrence of allergicRespiratory diseases and, above all, bronchial asthma is a viral infection. Reduction of the virus incidence can be achieved by physically improving this group of children and maintaining an allergen-friendly regime.
Smoking of parents and other adult family membersIncreases the risk of acute respiratory disease, increases the reactivity of the bronchi to specific and nonspecific stimuli. In this regard, passive smoking is a factor of high risk of allergic manifestations and especially bronchial asthma. Smoking cessation in the family can be considered among the most effective measures of primary prevention of allergic diseases in children.
Now you know what is the allergy of the child on a nervous basis, and how to deal with allergies in the life of the baby.