Development of fine motor skills of the child with dtsp
The peculiarity of this disease is thatChildren not only find it difficult to learn general and fine motor skills, perform certain movements, and it is difficult to feel these movements, this makes it difficult for the child to form the necessary ideas about movement.
Children with general speech disorders should beWork on the development of fine motor skills of the hands regularly, allocating for this 3-5 minutes in each lesson. Exercises and games aimed at the development of small finger movements - that's what a child with cerebral palsy needs to improve attention and efficiency.
If the child is difficult to perform finger movements,Then with such a child should be dealt with individually, when the exercise is first done passively with the help of a teacher. Thanks to the training, the movements become more confident and are carried out by the children more actively. For ease of remembering the exercises, you can think up each of them their own name, understandable to children.
Below is the recommended series of exercises. You can start your lessons with self-massage:
- Exercise in which the children themselves will stretch their hands. "Your hands are frozen";
- Exercise "dress gloves" - pull on each finger a glove;
- Each finger is rubbed from the base to the nail;
- Exercise in which children are offered to draw with each finger in the air;
- Flex each finger in turn;
- Straighten each finger in turn;
- The thumb is pulled up by the children, and all the others are clenched into a fist - a "flag";
- In this exercise, one hand should be bent into a fist, and the second hand to cover this fist horizontally - "table";
- Also, bend one hand into a fist, and the second to rest your palm horizontally - "chair";
- Invite the children to press their palm firmly against the table or to the other palm, and take turns taking away each finger - "the fingers are glued";
- In this exercise, you need to connect the large, index, middle and ring fingers, and the pinky to pull up - the "dog";
- First, cross your fingers, then raise your hands up, and spread your fingers - you get "sunrays";
- Alternately, do the exercises - squeezeHand into a fist, then place your palm on the table, then press the palm to the table. You can gradually speed up the pace of execution - "fist, rib, palm."
Exercises for the development of fine finger movements:
- "Fingers greet" - you need to startTo fix with the children the names of each finger. Then, with the tip of your thumb, touch each tip of the other fingers alternately (here and then, first, exercise with the leading hand, then the second hand, and then with both hands, from the thumb to the little finger, and vice versa);
- Fingers of one hand at the same time "greet" with the fingers of the second hand;
- Exercise "Wasp" - straighten your index finger and rotate it;
- "Goat" - straightening of the index finger and little finger;
- Form two circles, connecting the tips of the thumb and index finger;
- "Bunny" or "Ears" - squeeze your fingers into a fist and straighten only the index and middle fingers;
- "Trees" - all fingers are widely placed.
All these games and exercises described above, excellently develop the mobility of the fingers, the performance of isolated movements, and also contribute to the development of accuracy of finger movements.
In exercises, it is also recommended to use a pencil. Offer the following to the children:
- Circle any shape or object around the contour;
- Draw an object by points;
- Draw strokes in different directions, using stencils;
- Carry out a pencil along a narrow path and not lead to the side;
- "Double drawings" is a very interesting sightExercises, in which children draw different with both hands, this can be different geometric figures, or artistic drawing (you can draw two identical objects at the same time, or one drawing with two hands, as if complementing it).
To develop and improve coordination of hand movements, it is recommended to perform the exercises:
- Exercise is performed under the score, while the pace is gradually accelerating, and strictly following the verbal instructions:
- the left hand in a fist, the right one to unclasp, and vice versa;
- the right hand is placed on the rib, the left one - we bend into a fist;
Specialists recommend paying more attention to the development of fine motor skills of the child's arms with dtsp and coordination of movements, as this has a beneficial effect on the development of speech in children diagnosed with cerebral palsy.