/ / Development of the child in the educational process

Development of the child in the educational process

Between the ages of seven and nine,Rapid development of social, cognitive (cognitive) and intellectual functions of the child: he has signs of adaptation to the adult world and a more sensible approach to his actions. From the age of seven the child begins to attend school. Classes in it contribute to the fact that by the age of nine the child becomes more organized. In the development of a child from seven to nine years, several main areas can be identified: physical development, the development of cognitive abilities (including the ability to solve problems and reasoning), the development of the ability to express themselves and social relationships. The process of cognition in general terms can be defined as the totality of thinking, perception and memorization.

Influence of parents

At the age of seven the child still allowsParents direct his life in the direction that they see fit. Although the child develops as a person, he usually agrees that parents choose for him the place of residence, food, school and resting place. At this age the child has a bicycle, books, computer, sports equipment, sometimes a simple camera. Seven-year-olds are usually similar in clothes and occupations.

Key features of the development of a child of middle age (6-12 years):

• the joy of knowing the world outside the family;

• psychosexual development;

• the emergence of moral principles;

• development of cognitive skills.

Moral principles

Children between the ages of seven and nine areAn extreme interest in what is good and what is bad, for which they will be punished, and for which they praise. Their development is at the stage when moral principles become an important part of life. However, their judgments about the good and the bad are to some extent limited: they do not distinguish between deliberate and accidental damage. For example, you can ask the child what kind of misconduct he considers more serious:

• The girl carries a few cups on the tray,Saucers and plates. The girl goes, the tray slips out of her hands, and all the porcelain dishes are broken. The child gets angry with his mother and throws the plate on the floor with anger; The dish is broken. Most young children will find that in the first case the girl committed a more serious misconduct, since she broke more dishes. However, at the age of five to nine years, children begin to gradually understand that the main thing is not the result of the action, but the intention. Children between the ages of seven and nine are still prompted to take action. They begin to use simple logic, and in the future they will develop a logical thinking that will help in solving various life problems. Children who pass through this stage can decompose the dolls according to their growth, based on their appearance, but they can not solve, for example, the following problem: "If the doll A is higher than the doll B, but below the doll B, which doll is the tallest?" Solution is necessary hypothetical and abstract thinking, which, as a rule, begins to develop in 10-11 years.

Truth and Fiction

The emergence of moral principles and the desire toThe search for absolute truth occurs in children when they begin to doubt the existence of Santa Claus and ask adults questions about death. At the age of eight, children can already tell the truth from fiction and will not believe that the children are brought by storks. By the age of eight, children are extremely practical: they like stories about real people who have shown courage or intelligence, or about ordinary adults or children who have shown extraordinary abilities. At this age, many children discover the world of books and enjoy reading, especially in families where parents like to read, and watching TV is limited. The child's motor skills continue to develop rapidly, and this, combined with indomitable energy and enthusiasm, allows him to happily do various crafts, draw, sew and play mechanical toys, such as the railway.

Development of the emotional sphere

Regular training requires persistence andPerseverance for tasks. Children at the age of seven - nine years sometimes get tired of it and become irritable and depressed. They may be somewhat self-controlled, but assiduity and self-control at this age are still rather weak. If the children are too tired, they begin to behave as small children. Nevertheless, starting from the age of eight the child's psyche becomes more and more stable, it depends less on adults and is not as self-centered as many young children. It is very important that the child has a best friend with whom he can play and talk for hours without the intervention of adults.

Energetic games

Children from seven to nine years old have such a hugeThe amount of energy that they need physical activity, such as tennis, swimming, football, running, roller-skating, dancing and friendly fights (the latter concerns boys: girls quarrel more often and wrangle in words than beat each other). Children's games are so energetic that they sometimes tire their parents and teachers. Therefore it is not surprising that children of this age group need to sleep about 70 hours per week, that is, 10 hours each night. Many children sleep less, but doctors warn that chronic fatigue, caused by lack of sleep, adversely affects schooling and social development.

Requirements for food rations

Poor nutrition is also the causeAnxiety of doctors and parents of children of this age group. Very often, children do not have breakfast at home, eat a school breakfast in a dry place and overeat at night. Nutritionists and teachers believe that for good performance in school and normal social activity, children need a balanced diet at home and at school.

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