Nutrition and the regime of children from one year to two
Changes in diet depend largely on changing the regime of the child's day.
To properly feed the baby, you need to know thatThe food in the stomach of a child at the age of one is approximately 4 hours. It is this fact that should become fundamental when compiling the daily menu of the child. The number of feedings after the year is reduced to 4 times a day, the time interval between meals is about 4 hours.
Breakfast of the child from one year to two years should be 25% of the daily norm of food, lunch - 30-35%, lunch - 15-20%, dinner - 25%.
It is best to feed the child in a strictly definedtime. A clear diet regulates a strong food reflex in crumbs - at a certain time, digestive juice begins to develop, and a feeling of hunger appears. This provides a good appetite for the child, the normal functioning of all digestive systems. If the child eats every time at different times, gastric juice is not produced in time, irritates the mucous membrane of the stomach, the child's appetite decreases, and digestive problems appear.
Some weakened or premature babies between the ages of one and two still need additional fifth feeding - at 24 hours or 6 hours. Usually, they wake up at this time themselves.
The main rule of proper baby food is notGive the child sweets and even fruits between meals. Sweets and fruits should be a part of lunch or snack, but in no case should not replace the basic meal.
During the day, pay special attention toDistribution of food. In the morning, the child should eat meat dishes, in the middle of the day - milk and vegetable food, at the end of the day - porridge, fruit. Remember that during the day the baby should receive the required amount of fluid for his age. For children from one year to three this amount is 100ml of liquid for 1kg of weight.
An important factor forming normal nervous activity is a properly organized regime of the day and a feeding regimen.
The very process of feeding a child must haveEducational goals. The baby needs to be taught to eat liquid food first, and then dense, he must understand that it is necessary to eat carefully, only from his plate. In 1 year the baby should understand what a cup, spoon, mug is. In the process of feeding, you need to help the child and slowly finish feeding him after he is tired of eating himself.
The position of the child during meals should be comfortable and comfortable, children's furniture - safe and suitable for growth.
The situation in the kitchen during meals shouldBe calm, nothing should distract the child's attention from food. The fact that there is a child should be beautifully designed so that the child was pleased to eat. Watch how the baby eats, do not force him to eat what he does not want. If the baby asks for food while eating, give him some water.
To increase the appetite of a baby who does not eat well, you can walk before eating. Such walks, increasing appetite, should be calm and short-lived, without energetic games.
Rational nutrition of the baby is determinedThe right menu. The menu should be diverse and contain the necessary amount of nutrients. A variety of menus is also achieved due to a wide range of dishes that can be prepared from the same products. For example, from beef liver for children from one year to two, you can prepare the following dishes: goulash, cutlets, berg sherbans, rolls, meat soufflé, potato-baked pudding, etc. Garnish for meat dishes - vegetable, cereals, pasta. It is better to cook complex side dishes, with salads. The best assimilation of food is facilitated by sauces served for the second course. However, it should be excluded from the children's menu, spicy and spicy condiments, strong tea, coffee, chocolate, cocoa.