Stomatitis - inflammation of the oral mucosa
Under the term "stomatitis" should be combinedInflammation of the oral mucosa of various origins. As an independent disease, stomatitis does not happen very often, it usually occurs against the background of other inflammatory processes in the body.
Very often this disease is infectious. Just mouth mucous in small children is very thin and susceptible to various infections. Stomatitis can occur because of the weakening of immunity in the mother, for example, after suffering a disease and taking an antibiotic. And during the eruption of teeth, they can easily infect the infection, because at this time the kids all pull into the mouth to scratch the painful gums.
What is stomatitis?
Depending on what microorganisms caused by stomatitis it is divided into infectious, fungal, herpetic.
Infectious stomatitis, Can occur simultaneously with anyDisease caused by viruses or bacteria. For example, viruses provoke chickenpox, measles. Bacteria cause angina, sinusitis, otitis, scarlet fever. In such cases, stomatitis can act as one of the symptoms of the underlying disease.
With bacterial stomatitis, baby lipsCover with a thick yellow crust, stick together, the mouth opens with difficulty. On the oral mucosa appears plaque, vesicles, which are filled with purulent contents or bloody fluid. The body temperature is elevated.
Pathogen infection can occur whenMechanical injury. To damage the delicate mucous membrane of the mouth, a child can, by accidentally biting his cheek or tongue, injure himself with any object during the game. Too long and rough nipple can also cause irritation. A small trauma can pass by itself, but if pathogenic microorganisms enter your mouth, then stomatitis is provided in this case. In this case, redness appears around the sore spot. The child is difficult to drink, eat, sometimes talk.
As often as possible (and after eating necessarily) waterBaby mouth calendula decoction, chamomile, oak bark or infusion of walnut leaves. For rinsing good and strong black tea. Between the feeds, treat the oral mucosa with an oil solution of chlorophyllite or an aqueous solution of blue (although it is not very aesthetically pleasing) with a finger wrapped in a bandage.
Fungal (yeast) stomatitis. Causes its special yeast-like fungus, whichIs present in the healthy oral cavity of every child. The disease has another name - thrush - better known among mothers. Especially often from thrush suffer premature and weakened babies, in whom the immune response is reduced. In older children, this kind of stomatitis can occur after a severe infection and prolonged use of antibiotics. When the body is severely weakened, the fungus begins to multiply actively.
With yeast stomatitis on the tongue and mucous membranesShells appear white coating, which resembles the curd mass. Infection can provoke milk left in the mouth of the baby after feeding. A crumb does not eat well, it becomes restless and capricious.
Every time after feeding the baby the baby needsIt is good to treat with a solution of soda (1 dessert spoon of soda to a glass of boiled water). Between the feedings, lubricate the child with the oral cavity with 10% borax solution in glycerin. Mom must be sure, before and after feeding the child, wash the chest with baby soap, and then carefully treat it with soda.
Herpetic stomatitis. Herpes virus can get to the child from adults: Through a kiss or touch of dirty hands, toys, household items, and also by airborne droplets. Children especially vulnerable to viruses are from one to three years old. At this time, the babies gradually disappear protective antibodies, received from the mother through the placenta and breast milk, the own immune system has not yet fully formed. This kind of inflammation is the most common.
Rashes in the form of vesicles appear first onLips. The body temperature rises to 38-39 ° C. The baby can not drink or eat, becomes sluggish, and capricious. Gradually, the infection can spread further. The cavity of the mouth turns red, the vesicles are noticeable on the mucous membranes and on the gums.
In addition to using all the above procedures for herpetic stomatitis, it is necessary to lubricate the foci on the lips with antiviral ointment.
If the baby is breastfeeding, then the foodBreastfeeding mother should be full. If your baby eats not only breast milk, but also adult food, do not give him salty, sour, very sweet, and also solid foods. Prepare vegetable rubbed soups, boiled porridge. Fish and meat cook and scroll through the meat grinder. The baby can eat any sour-milk products, but without sugar. Dishes should not be too hot or cold, but rather warm. Feed your child several times a day in small portions. But in the breaks between meals, do not give anything edible: as time is necessary for the medicine to work. Juices that do not irritate the mucous, infusion of dog-rose, compotes of the baby can be given at any time, but not immediately after the drug has been treated with the mouth. If the pain is very severe, before eating, lubricate the lips, mouth and gums with an anesthetic. You can use a tool to reduce pain when teething.
In this disease the child should be lessContact other children. Bow more often to the room where the child is, and do wet cleaning in it. It is necessary to allocate a separate dish and hygiene items for the baby.