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Disorder of expressive speech

Causes of expressive speech disorders.

Causes of expressive speech disordersAre diverse. They can arise due to disruption in the development of the brain, diseases or congenital malformations of the organs of the speech apparatus, functional disorders of the speech apparatus or brain, hearing loss, as well as various mental disorders.
Correctly pronounce the words can only those children,Who have normal hearing. Therefore, the hearing of the child should be checked regularly. If the child suddenly stops babbling, it is necessary to immediately call a doctor.


Dislasia - the wrong pronunciation of the sounds of speechIn connection with the abnormalities of the speech device (tongue, palate, etc.), a violation of the function of the nervous system or deafness. The child misses individual sounds or their combinations, changes them in places or improperly pronounces. The child's vocabulary corresponds to the age, the sentence is correct. Distorted pronunciation in children up to 4-5 years is considered normal and is called age, or physiological dyslalia. The causes of dyslasia may be different, for example, hearing loss, brain damage, slow development of speech, heredity, or "bad" example of parents (when parents mispronounce words).
Dysplasia can also develop due to the injuries of the lips, anomalies of the jaws and teeth.


Lisp - incorrect pronunciation of whistlingAnd hissing sounds, caused by the anomaly of the jaws and teeth, deafness, etc. Difficulties are caused by the pronunciation of the letters c, w, w, w. The causes of lisp - imitation, impaired motor motility of the mouth, short palate, decreased hearing, mental development disorders. Anomalies of teeth and jaws need to be corrected. The sooner the treatment is started, the better the result.

Nasal congestion (rhinolalia).

With rhinolalia pronounced sounds by articulation andSounding are close to normal, but have a nasal hue, since the air jet partially goes into the nose. Adults often say "in the nose" by habit or belief that such a speech is "a sign of intelligence". The most common causes of severe forms of rhinolaly are congenital anomalies of the palate, paralysis of the palatine tongue, operations on the neck and throat (eg, tonsillectomy - surgery to remove palatine tonsils). Nasal congestion is also observed with enlarged palatine tonsils. Congenital anomalies of the palate, as a rule, are eliminated by surgical intervention. Often successful is the treatment prescribed by the speech therapist.

Stuttering- is a speech disorder in the form of delay sounds,Syllables and their repetition due to convulsions of the muscles of the speech motor. Stammering occurs usually in childhood after fright, infections, intoxication, etc. Propensity to stuttering is inherited. Risk factors - slow development of speech in the child, disruption of the hemisphere of the brain, insecurity, parents who suffer from stuttering. Treatment often improves the speech of stammering people. In the third and fourth year of life, many children stutter (when it is difficult for them to pronounce a new word). However, such stammering in 70-80% of children will soon pass.

Fast speech.

With this disorder, speech in children is veryQuick, inarticulate. When talking, they "swallow" whole syllables or words. Most often this manner of speaking is innate. At 3-5 years of life such a speech of a child is not considered a deviation. It is difficult to treat patients, since most of them are impatient, which does not allow them to speak, accentuating the spoken words.
If the child wants to tell you something,Listen carefully to it. If he hesitates, do not help him, do not finish the sentence in his place, even if you know exactly what he wants to say. Do not make fun of the child for small speech errors or peculiar speech. Better correctly repeat (not too stressed) the word that he pronounced incorrectly. Despite the fact that babies' speech is very funny, do not take it from them!
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