Tempering of young children
Tempering a baby is necessary all year round - there should be no breaks, and the intensity and duration of hardening procedures should be gradually increased.
The regularity of the procedures is the key to successful hardening. If you do it "once from time", then you can hardly expect positive results.
Try to conduct all the procedures in the form of a game. The effect of hardening will only increase if the baby will like this process. Take on arms everything that your baby loves - toys, rhymes, songs, pictures. Improvise, so that the crumb was fun and interesting.
It is recommended to combine hardening with massage, so the development of the child will be harmonious, and well-being.
As shown by medical statistics, children who are hardened by parents have stronger immunity and approximately 3.5 times less sick with ARVI than their unconcerted peers.
In no case should you overheat orHypothermia of the child during the procedures. Thermoregulation in infants is still imperfect, and fluctuations in body temperature are normal for them. But in fact hardening should not be in any way harmful! Therefore, carefully monitor the temperature of the air and water, do not overdo it with the stay of the baby in the sun. Always pick up suitable clothes and shoes for the child and protect his head from the sun.
Very good, when the whole family gets tempered immediately. First, it is useful for the health of the household, and secondly, you will serve as an excellent example for your child, and he will happily repeat for you.
Hurray fresh air!
All procedures related to quenching can beConditionally divided into general and special. Under common procedures, understand the correct mode of the day, nutrition and gymnastics, and special types include air, water and solar procedures.
So, let's start with the simplest kind of hardening -Fresh air. It includes airing the room, air baths during swaddling and walking. The very first procedure for babies is airing. Breasts spend a lot of energy and consume a lot of oxygen, so a constant supply of fresh air is essential for good health. Airing the room in which the child is located is necessary at any time of the year. In the summer, the window or window leaf should be open constantly, and in winter the room is ventilated five times a day. And the baby does not need to be taken out of the room during the airing, it's enough just to cover it with a blanket. The only exception is through ventilation. The optimum air temperature in the room where the baby is located is 20-22 ° C.
At the present time, in the age of technical progress,It is possible to regulate the humidity and air temperature with the help of microclimate systems and air conditioners. But remember that you should not abuse this: it is not recommended to put a baby cot in a room in which the air conditioner is constantly running.
Hardening should in no case be harmful!
Another type of hardening - air baths inTime swaddling. With a healthy child, this procedure can be done already in the hospital. Its essence lies in the fact that the crumbs are allowed to lie on their belly on the changing table during swaddling and changing diapers. Initially, the duration of this procedure is 1-2 minutes, but gradually, once a week, you can add 2 minutes. Thus, in six months the baby will enjoy air baths for half an hour already. It is very good at the same time to do with the baby light gymnastics.
Walking in a cozy carriage in the street is notOnly a pleasant, but also a hardening event. Babies born in the summer, take out for half an hour on the street can be immediately after discharge from the hospital. If the child was born in a cooler time of the year, then a "stop" for walking will be a column of thermometer. The breast can only be taken out to the street if the temperature has dropped below -5 ° C. The duration of such a walk is 15-20 minutes. Children at the age of 3 months and older are already good at tolerating frost and at -10 ° C. And those kids who crossed the age line in six months, already fearless, if the thermometer shows -15 ° C. The main thing, remember that hardening is the strengthening of health, and not causing harm to it. The baby should be warm and cozy, he should not freeze at all!
Staying in the sun increases the protective forcesOrganism, gives the child a charge of vivacity and energy. However, it should be remembered that babies up to a year are too sensitive to ultraviolet, therefore, they are strictly contraindicated in direct sunlight baths. They are only suitable for being in scattered sunlight. From year to three years, solar procedures are carried out cautiously and dosed, and only children over three years of age can gradually sunbathe in the sun. In the summer in the climate of the central Russia, solar procedures are recommended to be taken from 9 to 12 hours, and in the south from 8 to 10 am.
Contraindication is the air temperature +30 ° C and above.
In autumn, spring and winter, the sun's rays are more diffuse than in the summer, so they are very useful to the baby, let him boldly put his face to them and get a charge of vivacity!
FOR YOUR INFORMATION
Quenching with water is considered one of the most effective methods of hardening. Types of water procedures and methods of hardening directly depend on the age of the baby.
If the child is under 3 months old
Wiping of individual parts of the child's body - pens andLegs - with a napkin or a mitten dipped in water for about two minutes. Initially, the water temperature should be 37 ° C, and then every week it should be reduced by one degree, until the thermometer reaches a temperature of 28 ° C. Wiping is carried out in this order: first the baby's hand from the hands to the shoulders, and then the legs - from the feet to the knees.
Washing the baby's face for 2 minutes. Initially, the water temperature should be 28 ° C, and then every 2 days it must be reduced by one degree, gradually bringing to 20 ° C.
A daily bath with a water temperature of 37 ° C for 5 minutes, after which the baby is poured water at a lower temperature - 35 ° C.
If the baby is 3 to 10 months old
A daily bath with a water temperature of 37 ° C, after which the baby is poured a little more cool water (35 ° C) from the ladle and then wiping the body.
General wet wiping of the baby's body with a mitten,Previously moistened in cool salt water (salt content - 8 teaspoons per 1 liter of water). Wiping is carried out in such a sequence: handles, legs, chest and back. At the end of the procedure, the baby should be wiped dry with a towel.
Washing the child's face with water with a gradual decrease in its temperature (1 time in 2 days) from 28 ° C to 20 ° C.
If the child is 10 months to 1 year old
A daily bath, as in the previous age groups, after which the child is poured from the ladle with water at a lower temperature (35 ° C).
Wet rubbing of handles, legs, breast and back with cool salt water.
Pouring: the baby sits or stands in the tub, and his mother or father pours him with a strong stream of the shower in such a sequence - back, chest, tummy and pens.
The water temperature is initially 37 ° C, and then every week it needs to be reduced by about one degree, until it reaches 28 ° C.